/

Research Area A
Publications 2019

kellner-michalakis-genes2020.jpg

Post-transcriptional RNA modifications have been found to be present in a wide variety of organisms and in different types of RNA. Nucleoside modifications are interesting due to their already known roles in translation fidelity, enzyme recognition, disease progression, and RNA stability. In addition, the abundance of modified ... READ MORE

Azacytidines (AzaC and AzadC) are clinically relevant pharmaceuticals that operate at the epigenetic level. They are integrated into the genome as antimetabolites to block DNA methylation events. This leads to a reduction of the 5‐methyl‐2′‐deoxycytidine (m5dC) level in the genome, which can activate epigenetically ... READ MORE

5‐Aza‐2′‐deoxycytidine (AzadC) is an antimetabolite in clinical use, which reduces the level of the epigenetic modification 5‐methyl‐2′‐deoxycytidine (mdC). AzadC is incorporated into the genome of proliferating cells, where it inhibits DNA methyltransferases (DNMTs), leading to a reduction of mdC. The loss of mdC, which ... READ MORE

tcarell_angew2019_protourearna_100.jpg

The RNA world hypothesis assumes that life on Earth began with nucleotides that formed information‐carrying RNA oligomers able to self‐replicate. Prebiotic reactions leading to the contemporary nucleosides are now known, but their execution often requires specific starting materials and lengthy reaction sequences. It was therefore proposed that the RNA world ... READ MORE

tcarell_science2019_100.jpg

Theories about the origin of life require chemical pathways that allow formation of life’s key building blocks under prebiotically plausible conditions. Complex molecules like RNA must have originated from small molecules whose reactivity was guided by physico-chemical processes. RNA is constructed from purine and pyrimidine ... READ MORE

tcarell_chembiochem2019_100-1.jpg

Mass spectrometry is the method of choice for the characterisation of proteomes. Most proteins operate in protein complexes, in which their close association modulates their function. However, with standard MS analysis, information on protein–protein interactions is lost and no structural information is retained. To gain structural ... READ MORE

Protein–water interactions have widespread effects on protein structure and dynamics. As such, the function of many biomacromolecules can be directly related to the presence and exchange of water molecules. While the presence of structural water sites can be easily detected by X-ray crystallography, the dynamics within functional ... READ MORE

RNAs contain post-transcriptional modifications, which fulfill a variety of functions in translation, secondary structure stabilization and cellular stress survival. Here, 2-methylthiocytidine (ms2C) is identified in tRNA of E. coli and P. aeruginosa using NAIL-MS (nucleic acid isotope labeling coupled mass ... READ MORE

LMUexcellent
TU München